There are varying opinions regarding proper breathing during the yoga practice of static forms of dynamic movements.
Some schools insist on constant sinusoidal breathing at all times during training, based on the law that «action = counteraction». And for example, breath delays increase Ego.
Other schools suggest special types of breath for different exercises, for example, use breath delays with Bandhas when it is necessary to realize «superpower».
Who is right?
Both. Everything depends on one’s goal and the methods one chooses for achieving it.
The following may be stated categorically:
- all movements related to complex formations and decreasing the chest volume are naturally accompanied with the exhalation, and vice versa;
- change of volume in the abdominal cavity changes breath characteristics;
- contracting the chest muscles connected to the ribcage imposes limitations on the breath;
- static forms, requiring complex formations of the chest, limit the depth of breath and shift its range towards reducing the inhalation;
- synchronizing movements with hands, which assist the expansion or compression of the chest, makes the breath easier and deeper, increasing its range;
- breath delay, with subsequent complex formations of the chest or contraction of the muscles attached to the ribcage, changes the internal pressure inside the chest, abdominal and cranial cavities;
- the breathing process is directly linked to consciousness and its characteristics determine the state of consciousness;
- exhalation facilitates relaxation and makes stretching of the muscles easier;
- inhalation assists the activation and makes contraction easier;
- breathing delays after the inhalation facilitates concentration of the mind and the breathing delays after the exhalation facilitates stop of thinking.
Upon detailed analysis, this list may be extended, but it sufficiently illustrates that the uniform approach (breathing rules) may in rare cases lead to the required results. Therefore, at the initial level of development, it is absolutely necessary to realize the impact of forms and movements on breathing characteristics. And at the advanced level, to know these peculiarities in order to consciously determine particular breathing characteristics during training, thus helping the body and consciousness to transform in the required direction.